Marijuana’s (scientific name is Cannabis sativa) leaves, seeds, stems and/or roots are consumed by marijuana users for the intent of feeling intoxicated.
Marijuana is consumed for medical purposes, like for patients with nausea or poor appetite associated with AIDS or cancer treatment and is legal in a few states of the United States. Possession of marijuana, regardless of its purpose, is illegal in most jurisdictions. Marijuana is the most frequently abused illegal substance worldwide.
The history of marijuana goes back for thousands of years. It was only made illegal in many countries during the 20th century.
The use of medical marijuana is currently legal in 15 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. In those jurisdictions, people for whom medical marijuana has been specifically recommended by a physician must carry a (medical) marijuana card that specifies their use of the substance for a clear medical intention.
Experiments to completely legalize the use of marijuana, whether for medicinal purposes or not, remain vigorously contested in most jurisdictions.
While the sum of people who use marijuana at any one time does not seem to have increased substantially in the past decade, the number of people who have a marijuana-related disorder has increased significantly. This seems to be particularly true for elderly individuals as well as for young Hispanic and African-American adults
Medical marijuana, also called marinol (Dronabinol), is a synthetic form of marijuana. It comes in 2.5 mg, 5 mg, and 10 mg capsules and is used for the treatment of poor appetite and food intake (anorexia) with weight loss in people with acute immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and for the nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy in individuals who have not responded adequately to usual treatments for these syndromes.
The most common physical side effects of marinol include asthenia (lack of energy), stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, racing heart rate, facial flushing, and dizziness. The simplest psychological side effects of marinol include anxiety, sleepiness, confusion, hallucinations, and paranoia. This medication should therefore be used with caution in persons who have a mental-health diagnosis, particularly depression, mood swings, schizophrenia, or substance abuse.
There are a range of marijuana types, also called strains. Strains tend to be based on leaf color, as well as the strains’ potency and medical purpose. Medical strains of marijuana are specifically grown for a singularly for health benefit, like pain management or reduction of nausea. Marijuana dispensaries often sell hydroponic marijuana seeds through mail order, which can be grown in nutrient solution, with or without soil.
Marijuana’s effects on the body and brain of a developing fetus seem to be clearly unfavorable. Exposure to this substance before birth (prenatally) correlates with negative effects on fetal growth and body weight, as well as on the impulse control, focusing ability, learning, memory, and decision making in the child who was exposed to marijuana prior to birth. These negative effects by no means only affect babies who are exposed to marijuana before birth (in utero). Marijuana tends to negatively affect learning, judgment, and muscle skills in people who use marijuana by their own desire.
History of the Medical Use
The history of cannabis products and their use has been long, colorful and varied. “To the agriculturist, cannabis is a fiber crop; to the physician, it is an enigma; to the user, (a euphoriant); to the police, (a menace); to the trafficker, (a source of profitable danger); to the convict or parolee and his family, (a source of sorrow)” The fact is that cannabis has been held concurrently in high and low esteem at varied times throughout recorded history, particularly in our own times.
Cannabis sativa has been used therapeutically from the previous records, nearly 5,000 years ago, to the present day and its products have been extensively noted for their effects, both physiological and psychological, throughout the world. Although the Chinese and Indian cultures knew about the capital of this drug from very early times, this information did not become general in the Middle East until after the fifth century A.D., when travelers, traders and adventurers began to carry science of the drug westward to Persia and Arabia. Historian’s plea that cannabis was first employed in these countries as an antiseptic and analgesic.
Other medical uses were later developed and spread throughout the Middle East, Africa, and Eastern Europe. Several years after the return of Napoleon’s army from Egypt, cannabis became widely accepted by Western medical practitioners. Erstwhile, it had had limited use for such purposes as the treatment of burns. The scientific members of Napoleon’s forces were interested in the drug’s pain relieving and sedative effects
Paralleling the question over cannabis use in the latter half of the 19th century was the growing medical use of other medications superior to cannabis in their effects and more easily controlled as to dose. Consequently, medical use of cannabis declined and cannabis began to lose support of the medical profession.